The Intelligent Power Distribution Module (IPDM) is an essential electronic component in many modern vehicles. It controls and distributes power to various electrical systems. When an IPDM starts to fail, it can cause multiple problems that may seem unrelated at first. In this article, we’ll cover the common symptoms of a failing IPDM, explain their reasons, and provide solutions to restore regular operations.
A failing IPDM should not left without any repairs, as it can potentially leave you stranded or cause safety issues. By understanding the warning signs, you can have the IPDM inspected and repaired before severe problems arise.
With the right information, you can avoid IPDM failure, inconveniences, and costly repairs down the road. So, read on to learn more about the symptoms, causes, and fixes for a malfunctioning IPDM.
Table of Contents
Here Are The Most Common Bad IPDM Symptoms In A Car
Intermittent electrical failures
- Random electrical components suddenly stopping to work are one of the first signs of a failing IPDM. Like power windows, door locks, headlights, wipers, or even the entire dash might go down.
- These problems may come and go unpredictably. This happens because the IPDM no longer provides consistent power to all systems.
- As the IPDM components deteriorate, they can trigger a failure draw that steadily drains the car’s battery when the engine is off.
- You may find your battery dying overnight or after a few days. This gradual drain will indicate an issue with the IPDM.
Strange warning lights
- Various uncommon warning lights, like check engine, ABS, traction control, or other indicators that don’t usually come on, may randomly illuminate the dash.
- Since the IPDM controls these warning systems, these faults can activate them erratically.
Fuel pump issues
- Problems with the fuel pump functioning, pressure, or relay activation can stem from a bad IPDM that is no longer powering it correctly.
- This may cause drivability problems like stalling, sputtering, or not starting.
Multiple unrelated systems failing
- Since the IPDM provides power and ground to many systems, a failing unit can cause several unrelated electrical faults. Like the malfunctions of windows, locks, stereo, lights, and AC/heating components.
Wierd smells or burning odors
- As the IPDM circuits fail, they may short out or spark by leading to an acrid burning smell from under the dash. This indicates circuit board or wiring damage in the module as it degrades.
Potential Solutions For Bad IPDM Symptoms In A Car
- Since the IPDM controls and distributes power, the first step is to check all the fuses that are related to the IPDM circuits. Look for blown fuses that may cut off power flow and replace those as needed.
- Have a qualified auto electrician to perform a detailed diagnostics on all IPDM-controlled systems.
- Ensure the wiring harness to the IPDM is intact, with no damaged wires or connectors.
- Some vehicles may allow the IPDM’s firmware to reflash and update, potentially fixing software glitches that are causing failures. A dealer diagnostic computer is ideal for this.
- If diagnostics determine the damaged IPDM unit, it will need replacements.
- Have the entire charging system tested to ensure the correct voltage is onboard to the IPDM.
FAQs About Bad IPDM Symptoms
Q: Is it safe to drive with a malfunctioning IPDM?
A: It is not ideal to drive with a confirmed bad IPDM. It could leave you stranded, but more critically, it can impact safety systems like airbags and ABS brakes. Driving could also worsen the damage and increase repair costs.
Q: What are the most common trouble codes that point to IPDM failure?
A: U1000, U1120, P1215, P1216, and P1217. These signify communication errors and internal faults within the IPDM module.